A hysteroscopy is a procedure, using a tool called a hysteroscope to examine the lining of the uterus and identify, diagnose or treat abnormalities.
Reasons for a Hysteroscopy
A hysteroscopy may be performed to determine the cause of:
- Abnormal bleeding
- Bleeding after menopause
It may also be used to diagnose and remove fibroids or polyps and find and reposition an intrauterine device.
A local or general anesthesia may be used to relax the patient and relieve any potential discomfort. The hysteroscope which has a light and camera, is inserted into the vagina and moved through the cervix to the uterus. The hysteroscope projects an image onto a display screen for the doctor to review. If polyps are present, the doctor may use a surgical device to cut and remove them. The doctor may also take a small sample of tissue to examine more closely under a microscope. Patients may experience some cramping or vaginal discharge following the procedure.
While a simple and safe procedure, a hysteroscopy is not recommended for everyone. A hysteroscopy should only be performed if recommended specifically by a doctor.